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Though Brazil's heyday as the largest Diamond producer during the 18th and 19th centuries has long since passed, the country remains to be one of the most important sources of gemstones in the world.

Brazil is home to a lively medley of gemstones, a selection as diverse and beautiful as the country itself.

Brazilian Gemstones Location

Brazil's diverse landscape offers a variety of terrains and climates that make it ideal for the formation of a wide array of gemstones. Here's a closer look at some of the country's most famous gemstone-rich regions:


Bahia is where lovers of Aquamarine and Amethyst go to find some of the finest examples of these gemstones. This is also the only place in Brazil to source Rutilated Quartz.

Minas Gerais

The epicenter of Brazil's era of dominance in the trade of Diamonds, Minas Gerais continues to yield exquisitely colored Diamonds, notably the alluvial specimens found in its rivers. The region is also known for its Tourmaline and Imperial Topaz.

Rio Grande do Sul

Brazil's one-stop shop for all things Quartz! You'll find Citrine, Amethyst, and several kinds of Agate here.


You'll find dozens of gemstones here, but the region is particularly renowned for its exotic and colorful namesake, Paraiba Tourmaline. Opal and Aquamarine are also found in abundance here.

Complete List of Brazilian Gemstones

FAQs on Brazilian Gemstones

  • The exceedingly rare Paraiba Tourmaline is found exclusively in Brazil.

  • While the Paraiba Tourmaline will be what most gemstone connoisseurs associate with Brazil, the country is perhaps most famous for being the home of the 57,500-carat "Teodora", the largest facet cut Emerald in the world.

  • Brazil's large land mass, varied climactic conditions, and diverse geography make it the perfect environment for a rich array of gemstones to form.

  • Brazilian Tourmaline is a lively and colorful gemstone found in a variety of hues: mainly green, purple-red, or pink. Durable and relatively affordable, it’s perfect for everyday wear.

  • Contrary to their name, these gemstones aren't Rubies but naturally occurring red Topaz.

  • Brazilian Opals are a type of Boulder Opal, found as narrow veins within rocks. Their lower water content makes them more durable than other types of Opal and results in stripes, dots, and swirls of color.

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